Natural Resources

Natural Resources

The firm’s oldest practice, natural resources, grew out of its original insight: the second paycheck. The second paycheck theory asserted that workers in the Pacific Northwest were paid twice—once by their employer and once by the stunning natural settings they...
Rooted in Economics

Rooted in Economics

Fifty years ago, Professor Ed Whitelaw founded ECOnorthwest (ECO) to close a gap between academia and public policy. Ed was a knowledge hoarder and had a lot to share. Hundreds of articles and books were piled on his shelves, desks, chairs, and floor. Policymakers...
The Four Forms of Capital

The Four Forms of Capital

ECO’s founder, Ed Whitelaw, knew a resilient economy rested on four forms of capital: human, social, natural, and physical. The export firms that run on that capital are important, but for long-run success, he kept his eyes—and his research—focused on the foundational...